HTML Tips

HTML = Hypertext Markup Language

Html has been the standard language of web pages for years. It is still the basis of newer, standards-compliant web languages like XHTML and XML. Eventually, all pages will be written in XHTML and later in XML. These languages are still being refined but will eventually make webpages standardized so they look and act the same in all browsers and on all platforms.

1. All tags must be enclosed in tag markers <>


2. All tags must have a beginning and an ending. Example: this is bold text
A couple exceptions are ,
and


which don't require ending tags.


3. When using more than one tag, keep them nested
Example: this is bold italic text These must be in order.

4. All tags should be in lowercase

5. Most tags can have additional attributes to specify details about the text

Keep all attributes in quotation marks

6. Save your html pages with the .html or .htm extension.
These are the standards although there are a few others you can use for different purposes

7. Test, Test, Test your html pages
Different browsers and operating systems read pages differently. This can make your pages look different to different browsers. It's important to test your pages in as many browsers and operating systems as possible.

8. Use HTML Validators
Validators check your code and alert you to any html errors or issues. A good one is the W3C Validator.



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